The State of Smart Cities Down Under
The development of Smart City strategies and initiatives is in full swing in Australia. Early on, the focus for cities was on next generation broadband rollouts, largely centred on the Australian National Broadband Network and 4G LTE, and digital economic strategies. Moving forward from there, the commencement of Smart City sensor network rollouts, connected infrastructure, and data driven transformation was kicked off by a number of leading Australian cities around 2015.
The advent of Smart Cities is not only focused on experimenting with the latest technology initiatives, but has been convened to address specific city and regional challenges and opportunities. The focus has been on transformational service and experience improvements, underpinned by digital technology for citizens, businesses, and tourists.
A recent snapshot survey of Australian Smart City activity undertaken by KPMG shows an increasing number of Australian cities and regions at the strategy and roadmap development stage, and also an increase at pilot projects phase. Interestingly, the survey shows a slight decrease in operational rollouts underway.
In terms of project planning, the same survey shows a continued emphasis on foundations of Smart City development. These aspects include connectivity and data platform development, and rollout of various city IoT including smart lighting, parking, and other infrastructure.
Evidence of progress by the leading Cities in Australia include the recognition of the cities of Melbourne, Ipswich, and Sunshine Coast by the Intelligent Community Forum, a New York based think tank that analyses the various practices that create Intelligent Communities. The City of Adelaide has also attracted international acclaim for its Ten Gigabit Adelaide fibre network rollouts and other related Smart City initiatives.
The Australian Government has been active in recent years to catalyse the development of Smart Cities through its ‘City Deal’ and ‘Smart Cities and Suburbs’ program.
The City Deals announced for Western Sydney, Launceston and most recently South East Queensland have substantial Smart City, Digital Technology and service delivery transformation components. The opportunity to create multi-jurisdictional approaches to over come barriers and cut red tape to catalyse very significant transformational development of these large regions and cities will be closely watched.
Significant funding from the Australian Government through the Smart Cities and Suburbs program has been granted to a large number of Cities and Regions to commence Smart City initiatives, however it remains to be seen of the long-term success, sustainability and scalability of these.
The State Government sector within Australia has been slower to play a leading role in Smart City development within Australia. However, the New South Wales State Government through it’s agency Infrastructure NSW is developing a State Government led Smart City development strategy and framework which could, if successful, provide a template for partnership, access, regulatory and governance outcomes to achieve optimal smart city developments with City and Regional Councils.
As President of the Australian Smart Communities Association, I was recently privileged to attend the Smart Cities Expo World Congress in Barcelona in November 2018. This opportunity allowed me to benchmark Australia’s progress in Smart City ecosystem development and how we compare to our international peers in North America, Europe and Asia.
The following points sums up my thoughts about what I saw and how this aligns with Australia’s progress:
‘Call to arms Narrative’ – Much of the international dialogue is still focused on call to action to commence the smart city journey, planning and implementations.
Greater focus on the bigger picture and unintended consequences – A number of keynotes were focused on how the impact digitised globalisation is changing the current landscapes of democracy, government trust and the breakdown of decades old norms. Importantly there are emerging models that can be implemented to ‘fix the future’.
Evidence of fulfilling the promise of Smart Cities – There is still only small, but growing, evidence of scaled projects that have produced the transformational outcomes sought. Most Cities are in planning, proof of concept or pilot stages in 2018.
Scaled Smart City rollouts – Some of the larger international cities such as Barcelona has long been the ‘poster child’ of the smart city movement over the past decade. Most of these cities have been marketed to indicate that their respective smart city rollouts are near or at completion. Deeper investigation shows that this is not the case with even Barcelona still around 10% to 15% of whole of city scale smart infrastructure rollout.
Where Australia is positioned – Based on what I experienced and saw on this important trip it is clear that Australia’s leading cities are at pace with nearly all international peers.
However, this could change rapidly if more Australian Cities do not convert current strategy into commencement of on the ground implementation in the coming 12 months and sustain focus on achieving long term city and region service and experience transformation.
Leave your comment below, or reply to others.
Please note that this comment section is for thoughtful, on-topic discussions. Admin approval is required for all comments. Your comment may be edited if it contains grammatical errors. Low effort, self-promotional, or impolite comments will be deleted.
Read more from the Meeting of the Minds Blog
Spotlighting innovations in urban sustainability and connected technology
The country has provided hundreds of billions of dollars to recover from recent coastal storms but done little to rethink the existing policies and programs that contribute to coastal property losses, or to define new measures that account for the new realities of more damaging storms and rising sea levels.
A key first step toward smarter policies is to improve disclosure of risk associated with coastal properties. This will require better mapping of areas at risk of both storms and rising seas. National standards are needed for disclosure of coastal flood risk prior to sale. Lenders and supporting agencies need to evaluate and disclose coastal flood risk.
By incorporating multiple transport modes into a single application, users can benefit from personalised services which recognise individual mobility needs, easier transactions and payments, and dynamic journey management and planning.
A fully comprehensive MaaS offering could mean the ownership of private vehicles is no longer necessary for people. As mobility needs begin to be provided by a range of services through a single platform, usership could replace ownership.
The potential of MaaS has been recognised around the world. In the UK, the government has included MaaS within its transport strategy. An expert committee of Members of Parliament concluded that MaaS has the “potential to transform how people travel” by boosting public transport, reducing congestion, and improving air quality.
The water-energy nexus is not new. The concept that our water and energy systems are reliant on each other is sometimes paired with a third issue, like food security or public health. This can make it more relevant to our daily lives. Despite a basic understanding of resource interdependencies, city and utility leaders still allow planning and implementation processes to remain predominately separate. A common local scenario finds the water utility facing system upkeep alone, the energy utility not considering other utility issues or city goals as they operate, and city leaders generally focused on more visibly troublesome urban systems, like housing or transportation.