OGC Applies Open Climate Data to California Flood Scenario
Who will you meet?
Cities are innovating, companies are pivoting, and start-ups are growing. Like you, every urban practitioner has a remarkable story of insight and challenge from the past year.
Meet these peers and discuss the future of cities in the new Meeting of the Minds Executive Cohort Program. Replace boring virtual summits with facilitated, online, small-group discussions where you can make real connections with extraordinary, like-minded people.
In March 2014, the Obama Administration launched the Climate Data Initiative, unleashing troves of open government data about our climate and calling on America’s innovators to leverage data in ways that can make our Nation’s communities and businesses more resilient to climate change.
The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) has committed to support the US Climate Data Initiative in OGC’s Testbed 11 by increasing the accessibility of open spatial information needed by a population displaced due to coastal inundation. Advances achieved in the Testbed will be demonstrated in June 2015 based on a scenario focused on the San Francisco Bay.
The scientific consensus is that climate change will have unavoidable impacts on urban systems and populations. Climate adaptation will be essential, and planning for adaptation can be simplified through operationalizing concepts of climate resilience and vulnerability. The Defense Quadrennial Review reported recently that climate changes will aggravate stressors abroad such as poverty, environmental degradation, political instability, and social tensions – conditions that can enable terrorist activity and other forms of violence.
Federal agencies such as NASA, USGS, and NOAA together with state and local governments collect enormous amounts of data that can be used to understand the impacts of a changing climate. The challenge is to create easy-to-use tools for regional planners, farmers, hospitals, scientist, disaster response teams, political analysts, or businesses that allow for a better understanding of a changing climate and related consequences, mitigation and adaptation strategies, and general planning processes.
OGC’s Interoperability Program encourages geospatial technology users and providers to work collaboratively in an agile development environment to develop, evolve, test, demonstrate and validate candidate geospatial standards under real world conditions. In order to support national climate-change preparedness, part of this program, OGC’s Testbed 11 will integrate technology based on the scenario of spatial information needed when a population is displaced due to coastal inundation.
OGC Testbed 11 is empowering open access to climate change information using open standards. The Urban Climate Resilience theme of Testbed 11 responds to the urgent need to make climate information and related data readily available for the public and government decision makers to prepare for changes in the Earth’s climate.
Climate research by USGS, NASA, US DoD, NOAA, and associated organizations predict potential impact of sea level rise on the Pacific coast of California and estuaries, including the San Francisco Bay. Predictions from the USGS Coastal Storm Modeling System indicate sea level could rise along the California coast by as much as 1.7 meters by the end of the 21st century, and that during winter storms, coastal water levels could be elevated by an additional 5 meters. In addition to sea level rise, increases in the frequency and intensity of coastal flooding as a result of combined effects of wind-driven storm surge, coastal wave generation, and tidal effects during storms and local weather systems, indicate significant potential for damage to property, shore infrastructure, coastal estuaries and harbors, and natural and built environment.
By deploying and testing a California Coastal Flood Inundation scenario, Testbed 11 will advance the state of information systems for climate data sharing. Testbed 11 responds to the urgent need to make climate information and related data readily available for the public and government decision makers to prepare for changes in the Earth’s climate.
High-resolution datasets to be used in Testbed 11 flood inundation model.
Modeling Flowchart for SF Bay Flood Scenario
Testbed 11 will make Engineering advancements in these areas:
- High Resolution Flood Information Modeling:
Improving access to and control of simulation models and high-resolution data using the OGC Web Processing Service.
- Planning for Displaced Population due to Coastal Inundation:
Addressing integration of various data sources using different encodings and bindings, including data streaming, using OGC GeoPackage creation, and web processing from Web Feature Services.
- Cross-jurisdictional Data sharing for Disaster Planning and Response:
Information sharing will be achieved using the National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) – the US XML-based information exchange framework that permits agencies or organizations to share dissimilar data and information
- Improving Open Standards for Climate Data Sharing:
OGC Architecture for a consistent approach across the OGC and other standards using REST, JSON, Linked Data, Semantic Services, use of social media data, and common symbology
Results of Testbed 11 will be demonstrated at an international event during first week of June 2015 in Boulder, Colorado. Engineering results will be provided to the OGC Standards Program for consideration of adoption in the open consensus geospatial standards process.
The OGC Interoperability Program is an essential part of OGC’s fast, effective, inclusive user-driven process to develop, evolve, test, demonstrate and promote OGC Standards. Beginning in 1999, OGC’s Interoperability Program has conducted 85 initiatives that build and exercise public-private partnerships designed to accelerate the development of emerging concepts and drive global trends in interoperability through rapid prototyping of new capabilities. Sponsoring Organizations provide requirements and funding. Participating organizations develop the solutions, receive partial funding and contribute in-kind. OGC staff manages the open process that leads to running code, demonstrations, and reports that inform standards development.
OGC Testbed 11 Sponsoring Organizations
- US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
- US National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA)
- US Geological Survey (USGS)
- US Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
- UK Defense Science and Technology Lab (UK-DSTL)
- US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
- European Organization for the Safety of Air Transportation (EUROCONTROL)
- UAE Ministry of Interior Abu Dhabi Police GIS Center for Security (UAE – ADP GIS CS)
- Land Information New Zealand (LINZ)
 Tyler, S., & Moench, M. (2012). A framework for urban climate resilience. Climate and Development, 4(4), 311–326
 Dr. Guy Schumann, Remote Sensing Solutions, Testbed 11 internal communications.
 Dr. Guy Schumann, Remote Sensing Solutions, Testbed 11 internal communications.
Leave your comment below, or reply to others.
Please note that this comment section is for thoughtful, on-topic discussions. Admin approval is required for all comments. Your comment may be edited if it contains grammatical errors. Low effort, self-promotional, or impolite comments will be deleted.
Read more from MeetingoftheMinds.org
Spotlighting innovations in urban sustainability and connected technology
Middle-Mile Networks: The Middleman of Internet Connectivity
The development of public, open-access middle mile infrastructure can expand internet networks closer to unserved and underserved communities while offering equal opportunity for ISPs to link cost effectively to last mile infrastructure. This strategy would connect more Americans to high-speed internet while also driving down prices by increasing competition among local ISPs.
In addition to potentially helping narrow the digital divide, middle mile infrastructure would also provide backup options for networks if one connection pathway fails, and it would help support regional economic development by connecting businesses.
Wildfire Risk Reduction: Connecting the Dots
One of the most visceral manifestations of the combined problems of urbanization and climate change are the enormous wildfires that engulf areas of the American West. Fire behavior itself is now changing. Over 120 years of well-intentioned fire suppression have created huge reserves of fuel which, when combined with warmer temperatures and drought-dried landscapes, create unstoppable fires that spread with extreme speed, jump fire-breaks, level entire towns, take lives and destroy hundreds of thousands of acres, even in landscapes that are conditioned to employ fire as part of their reproductive cycle.
ARISE-US recently held a very successful symposium, “Wildfire Risk Reduction – Connecting the Dots” for wildfire stakeholders – insurers, US Forest Service, engineers, fire awareness NGOs and others – to discuss the issues and their possible solutions. This article sets out some of the major points to emerge.
Innovating Our Way Out of Crisis
Whether deep freezes in Texas, wildfires in California, hurricanes along the Gulf Coast, or any other calamity, our innovations today will build the reliable, resilient, equitable, and prosperous grid tomorrow. Innovation, in short, combines the dream of what’s possible with the pragmatism of what’s practical. That’s the big-idea, hard-reality approach that helped transform Texas into the world’s energy powerhouse — from oil and gas to zero-emissions wind, sun, and, soon, geothermal.
It’s time to make the production and consumption of energy faster, smarter, cleaner, more resilient, and more efficient. Business leaders, political leaders, the energy sector, and savvy citizens have the power to put investment and practices in place that support a robust energy innovation ecosystem. So, saddle up.