Offshore Wind Taking Cleveland Back to the Future
Once upon a time, Cleveland was the 5th largest city in the U.S. and ranked 1st in transportation equipment; 2nd in machinery; 3rd in iron-and-steel making; 4th in metal products; and 5th in electrical machinery. Not surprisingly, an entrepreneur named John D. Rockefeller made his fortune here and became the richest man in history. Our present day world leaders, The Cleveland Museum of Art, The Cleveland Orchestra, The Cleveland Clinic, and The Cleveland Foundation share a 100+ year heritage with those great innovators, visionaries, and titans of industry.
Today, we see a city that is becoming one of the most livable cities in America as well as developing sustainable practices that attract young and old residents alike. In fact, in 2016, Forbes magazine named Cleveland the “Hottest City in America.” However, Cleveland is now 51st in population among U.S. cities, and many of the industries from the glory days are shadows of themselves, have closed, or moved away. So, how does the Hottest City in America attract the best and brightest millennials as well as leverage its legacy of industrialization, entrepreneurship, and innovation to generate jobs of the future?
Part of the answer lies in health care and medical technology, while another finds it roots in information technologies. However, neither of these industries are likely to leverage our strong manufacturing or industrialization capabilities. No matter how one looks at Cleveland and the surrounding region, we know how to make things better than almost anyone in the world, and that is where we can make the most of our future.
One way to tap this inherent strength is through the abundant wind resource right off our shores of Lake Erie. Not only can this resource supply an inexhaustible source of clean energy, the fundamental nature of this industry depends on engineering, manufacturing, fabrication, and maritime activities. Lake Erie Energy Development Corp. (LEEDCo) has taken the lead to bring this industry home and make Cleveland a national center. Project Icebreaker, a demonstration project consisting of 6 Vestas 3.45 MW turbines 8-10 miles offshore of the Port of Cleveland, is poised for construction in 2019.
Icebreaker will generate 500 jobs during construction and add $168 million to the local economy. More importantly, every business and worker on the project will gain valuable experience that will allow them to work anywhere in the U.S. on offshore projects as this industry grows.
Anchoring these giant turbines to the lakebed is the Mono Bucket, which consists of an 18 meter suction bucket with a 4.5 meter shaft emerging from the lid. This innovative technology eliminates the typical pile driving associated with offshore foundations through of a simple suction technique that embeds it into the soil. More to the point, this 600 ton structure will be manufactured in the region with two Ohio companies in the running.
This “Cleveland Blue Sky” is already a reality in Europe; home to $16 billion per year in offshore wind investment and 95,000 jobs. Closer to our shores, tiny Rhode Island built the first U.S. project in November 2016 and an almost irrational exuberance exists all along the East Coast. Dozens of European Fortune 200 companies are clamoring for access into these yet undeveloped markets. Talk of jobs and manufacturing are a daily occurrence and states are requiring developers to invest in “manufacturing” facilities. The real message here is that offshore wind has now come to the United States and it is up to Cleveland to take this opportunity while it exists.
In order to bring this vision to reality, LEEDCo has mobilized a world class team of experts with decades of experience in offshore wind, freshwater ice, aquatics, avian and bat, water quality, project finance, engineering, fabrication, and permitting. Icebreaker, as the demonstration project is called, was designed from the beginning to be small enough to have no significant impact on the environment and large enough to gain valuable technical insight. Over the first 5 years of operation, this “science lab” will collect data related to water quality, aquatic species, birds, bats, ice, wind resource, engineering and manufacturing. During its 25 year projected lifetime, Icebreaker will provide data from out in the lake that will benefit all stakeholders and lead to sustained economic growth into the future.
Leave your comment below, or reply to others.
Please note that this comment section is for thoughtful, on-topic discussions. Admin approval is required for all comments. Your comment may be edited if it contains grammatical errors. Low effort, self-promotional, or impolite comments will be deleted.
Read more from MeetingoftheMinds.org
Spotlighting innovations in urban sustainability and connected technology
At Connect the Dots, it is our mission to build better cities, towns, and neighborhoods through inclusive, insight-driven stakeholder engagement. We help community, private, and public sector partners to develop creative solutions that move projects and cities forward. Engagement is at the heart of this pursuit, which is why we are sharing our practices with you.
When you decide to take your engagement activities online, we encourage using tools that are functional on a wide range of devices including basic smartphones, tablets, laptops, and desktop computers. We have also developed remote but non-virtual options to bridge the digital divide.
As cities continue to fight against COVID-19, citizens are changing their commuting preferences to adjust to a new way of life. Cities across the globe have experienced significant increases in the number of pedestrians, cyclists, and private cars on the roads as a result of public transport restrictions and social distancing requirements. This has created many new challenges, as cities previously dependent on public transport must now adapt to accommodate more vulnerable road users, such as pedestrians and cyclists.
It is critical to pause, reflect, and recognize that cities who are not equitable will always be in recovery mode. Inequity is a noted stress in the language of resilience shocks and stresses. It increases the probability and severity of shocks – like social uprisings and the civil unrest we have seen unfold. This holds true for a vast range of other natural and man-made shocks.