City Parks and Homelessness
Keri Bales spent over 25 years on the streets of Los Angeles. Her entire world — a tent, some belongings and her dog, Luckybutt — could be found in a small, hidden-away area nestled between the train tracks and a city park. It took 25 years before an advocate stopped by to have a real conversation with her, which culminated in her finally being connected with the resources she needed to find permanent housing.
Kerri has been off the streets now for over a year, and has become an advocate for other individuals experiencing homelessness by sharing her story. Her words shook the entire room of attendees at a recent NRPA Innovation Lab in Los Angeles, during which we began to tackle the complex issue of homelessness and what we as park and recreation professionals can do to address it.
As you all very well know, park and recreation agencies are often on the front lines of combatting homelessness issues. While many agencies and their employees want to help homeless park users like Keri, there is a demonstrable challenge in addressing homelessness with compassion while staying aligned with our park and recreation mission. We came to Los Angeles, which is home to recent ballot measures that will fund affordable housing and homelessness services, to learn how their city is working on all fronts, including in parks and recreation, to end homelessness.
We started out by putting context around the conversation. We were privileged to have Nan Roman, the Executive Director of the National Alliance to End Homelessness, educate Innovation Lab attendees on the face of homelessness in America with the following statistics:
- In January 2016, 549,928 people were homeless on a given night in the United States.
- Of that number, 194,716 were people in families.
- 355,212 were individuals.
- On that same night, there were 35,686 unaccompanied homeless youth, roughly seven percent of the total homeless population.
- 77,486 (or one in five) were considered “chronically homeless” individuals.
- On that same night, 39,471 Veterans were homeless.
- Since 2007, homelessness has dropped by 15 percent (97,330 people) and between 2015 and 2016 declined by three percent (or 14,780).
Providing upfront data, according to Roman, is critical to accurately framing the issue of homelessness. Oftentimes a single negative personal experience with homeless individuals can shade our views on the topic overall. Inspired by what they learned at the Lab, Sasaki and Associates, a top flight planning and design firm based in Boston, has since developed and rolled out a fabulous tool that gives historical background, context, and some solutions to addressing homelessness: http://www.understandhomelessness.com/.
Armed with some facts about who is experiencing homelessness in America, we dove into how the housing first model is being applied in cities across the country. Attendees were briefed on the infrastructure to deliver homelessness services and the continuum of care model. They heard from other experts about the work being done that can help park and recreation professionals who interface with homeless individuals in their parks. We know that parks and recreation alone can’t create thousands of units of housing, or fix broken and siloed mental health and addiction social services, but there are ways that we parks and recreation professionals can contribute to solutions.
Based on high level discussions at the workshop among park and recreation leaders, the following are a few examples of policies, programs and partnerships that forward thinking agencies across the country are working on, and perhaps these models can translate to your community.
‘No wrong door’ policy
Experiencing Homelessness? Visiting a library, or rec center? Good. You are in the right place. Los Angeles and other cities have adopted a “no wrong door” policy that encourages individuals experiencing homelessness to seek out assistance at any city owned facility.
Many individuals experiencing homelessness struggle with what to do with their belongings. It’s hard and stigmatizing to drag around belongings when you are trying to navigate social services. Westminster Recreation Center in Venice Beach is partnering with a non-profit to allow for safe and sanitary storage of individuals belongings, allowing them the time and peace of mind to get a driver’s license or ID, visit a doctor, or meet with a caseworker.
Access to showers and programs
Individuals experiencing homelessness are often looking for a clean and quiet place to wash up. Many agencies around the country that provide showers have used these interactions with their homeless customers to highlight meal programs, after school and out of school enrichment programs, and trainings that are held in their centers.
We know that parks and recreation aren’t the answer to ending homelessness in America, but we do know that we have a moral responsibility to help those in need of assistance by pointing them in the right direction. There are resources out there to help you do your part, and there are folks out there who are trained and dedicated to serving the homeless like you are trained and dedicated to serving the public in providing critical places, spaces and programs to your cities. Let’s not pretend we’re in this alone, and make sure that the next time you see someone like Kerri in one of your parks, that you’re armed with the courage, compassion and, most importantly, the information to get her off the streets and back on her feet.
To hear from Kerri and to learn more about our Innovation Lab we made a short video
For more tools, resources, and strategies derived from our Los Angeles Innovation Lab visit:
Leave your comment below, or reply to others.
Please note that this comment section is for thoughtful, on-topic discussions. Admin approval is required for all comments. Your comment may be edited if it contains grammatical errors. Low effort, self-promotional, or impolite comments will be deleted.
Read more from MeetingoftheMinds.org
Spotlighting innovations in urban sustainability and connected technology
Social distancing is becoming the new normal, at least for those of us who are heeding the Center for Disease Control’s warnings and guidelines. But if you don’t have reliable, high-speed broadband, it is impossible to engage in what is now the world’s largest telecommunity. As many schools and universities around the world (including those of my kids) are shut down, these institutions are optimistically converting to online and digital learning. However, with our current broadband layout, this movement will certainly leave many Americans behind.
Accenture analysts recently released a report calling for cities to take the lead in creating coordinated, “orchestrated” mobility ecosystems. Limiting shared services to routes that connect people with mass transit would be one way to deploy human-driven services now and to prepare for driverless service in the future. Services and schedules can be linked at the backend, and operators can, for example, automatically send more shared vehicles to a train station when the train has more passengers than usual, or tell the shared vehicles to wait for a train that is running late.
Managing urban congestion and mobility comes down to the matter of managing space. Cities are characterized by defined and restricted residential, commercial, and transportation spaces. Private autos are the most inefficient use of transportation space, and mass transit represents the most efficient use of transportation space. Getting more people out of private cars, and into shared feeder routes to and from mass transit modes is the most promising way to reduce auto traffic. Computer models show that it can be done, and we don’t need autonomous vehicles to realize the benefits of shared mobility.
The role of government, and the planning community, is perhaps to facilitate these kinds of partnerships and make it easier for serendipity to occur. While many cities mandate a portion of the development budget toward art, this will not necessarily result in an ongoing benefit to the arts community as in most cases the budget is used for public art projects versus creating opportunities for cultural programming.
Rather than relying solely on this mandate, planners might want to consider educating developers with examples and case studies about the myriad ways that artists can participate in the development process. Likewise, outreach and education for the arts community about what role they can play in projects may stimulate a dialogue that can yield great results. In this sense, the planning community can be an invaluable translator in helping all parties to discover a richer, more inspiring, common language.