Building a Circular Economy in Charlotte

By Amy Aussieker

Amy Aussieker has spent her 25 years influencing and bringing together individuals, companies and groups to reach a variety of significant goals from large fundraising goals, to substantial sales goals and most importantly to meaningful community goals. Over the last 6 years Amy has led one of the most impactful sustainability nonprofits in Charlotte, as Executive Director of Envision Charlotte.

May 22, 2019 | Economy, Governance | 3 comments


Who will you meet?

Cities are innovating, companies are pivoting, and start-ups are growing. Like you, every urban practitioner has a remarkable story of insight and challenge from the past year.

Meet these peers and discuss the future of cities in the new Meeting of the Minds Executive Cohort Program. Replace boring virtual summits with facilitated, online, small-group discussions where you can make real connections with extraordinary, like-minded people.


 

Charlotte has made a bold commitment: be the first US city to adopt a circular economy striving towards zero waste and inclusivity. We will strive to use our resources that are now destined for the landfill as the basis for future innovation and job creation.

We currently live in a linear society. We buy a product, like a cell phone, and throw it away as soon as the latest version is released. We are in turn not only losing the resources that made that phone but also the time and energy that went into its production. The US EPA and the Institute for Local Self Reliance estimate low-value activities like incineration and landfilling only generate one to six jobs per 10,000 tons of goods disposed verses 36 jobs created for recycling and even more impressive, almost 300 reuse and refurbishment jobs for the same amount.

In 2018, Envision Charlotte and the City of Charlotte hired Metabolic to study Charlotte’s waste stream and come up with a strategy to move our City towards a circular economy. The Vision that was created has four areas of focus:

Charlotte as a Zero Waste City

Over the next 30 years, Charlotte will aim to separately collect 98% of all residual waste materials. This is obviously an ambitious goal and we are far from that not only in Charlotte but around the US. This will take a number of different strategies from better sorting and collecting to the facilities run by large companies and smaller entrepreneurs accepting different materials.

Charlotte as a Resilient and Healthy City

As the circular economy grows in Charlotte, our dependence on foreign imports would decrease and one area to benefit is local food production.  From growing locally both traditionally and through aquaponics/hydroponics to the reuse of organic waste – this opportunity has the possibility of transforming the food culture in Charlotte to a more sustainable, healthy, and accessible system.

Charlotte as an Innovative City of the Future

As Charlotte grows in expertise around the sorting and collecting of its waste stream, it will allow for more innovations due to a higher high-quality of materials.  Our focus will start with textiles, plastics, and construction waste, which have been identified as some of the largest opportunities.

Charlotte as a City with Opportunities for All

As innovations occur, there will be a significant focus on skill development, training, and inclusive programs targeting the economically disadvantaged.

 

Currently Charlotte only diverts about 10% of its waste to the landfill, leaving a great deal of opportunity. Based on Metabolic’s research they have suggested the following 5 business cases:

  • Building a closed-loop textiles chain
  • Upcycling food waste into feed
  • Creating an Innovation Lab
  • Creating a circular concrete recycling business
  • Developing a reversed logistics system

We are currently moving forward on all of these initiatives, however, the one that is the furthest along is the Innovation lab or as we call it – our Innovation Barn. This is a City owned building that in the 20’s and 30’s, as lore would have it, was a Barn for the oxen that were used to pick up the City’s trash. Since then it has had other uses, from being the City’s vehicle maintenance facility to more recently serving as a storage facility for bikes of a local nonprofit.

This 36,000 square foot building will serve as ground zero for Circular Charlotte. The vision for the Barn is to become a living lab for circular projects, innovation, and entrepreneurship. Some components of the Barn include a full-service restaurant, local craft beer bar, event space, innovation lab/makers space, co-working space, composting facility (both traditional and organics – soldier flies), aquaponic/hydroponic gardens, and retail space with focus on circular products.

This facility will be open to the public and will offer opportunities for the public to learn and understand closed loop systems.  The garden’s produce will be used in the restaurant, organic waste will be composted, the larvae from the flies will be used to feed the fish in the aquaponics and round and round it goes.  All of these activities will be visible to the public.

The Architect on the project is ProgressiveAE, a local firm that worked close with Metabolic to advance their knowledge of designing a project within the principles of a circular economy while managing a limited budget and permitting constraints.

One example of where we bumped up against these issues was around the current windows.  The current windows are not up to energy code and needed to be replaced, however ProgressiveAE found a way to incorporate them into the interior of the building and avoid them going to the landfill. Additionally, the windows had asbestos in the caulking so to remediate those windows was very costly and not in the budget. Fortunately, we were able to find an EPA program that brought the cost down and they are currently working to save as many windows as possible.

Bringing the Innovation Barn to life takes many partners with a variety of expertise. Beyond the City of Charlotte, Envision Charlotte, and Progressive AE, we have many other partners working on several different aspects of the projects:

  • Johnson C. Smith University – designing/helping with the Aquaponic/Hydroponic gardens
  • UNC Charlotte – designing, prototyping exterior elements
  • Crown Town Compost – designing and managing both traditional and organic (soldier fly) composting on-site
  • Carolina Urban Lumber – providing furnishings made from local wood as well as a retail space for circular products
  • TreesCharlotte – providing local trees for outside landscaping

These are just a few of the partners and partnerships but we know that to make a Circular Charlotte it will begin with both the business community and our residents working together to make this transformation.  The Innovation Barn is expected to open fall 2019 with several additional projects launching over the next 12 -24 months. Charlotte is up to this very important challenge and we are excited to see where this journey takes our great city!

Discussion

Leave your comment below, or reply to others.

Please note that this comment section is for thoughtful, on-topic discussions. Admin approval is required for all comments. Your comment may be edited if it contains grammatical errors. Low effort, self-promotional, or impolite comments will be deleted.

3 Comments

  1. Interesting project. In Sweden we are up to the same kind of projects. Have you thought about making biochar of the bio waste that is not suitable for the flies or compost. Gives you a good component when you regenerate or improve the Soil.
    Building with hemp is something that is coming more and more in europe. A carbon negative Building material with many advantages. In France this is a Big thing.
    Keep up the good work.

    Reply
  2. Wow this is all very exciting and I am impressed with the vision and commitment. I teach sustainable supply chains at UCLA and we have found food, plastics, textiles and electronics to be the most wasted and least reused. Construction waste has always been a travesty. Be good to share results with you when reports are done. Again, congrats and I hope and pray that many communities will follow your lead!

    Reply

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Read more from MeetingoftheMinds.org

Spotlighting innovations in urban sustainability and connected technology

Taking a Look into Our Adaptation Blind Spots

Taking a Look into Our Adaptation Blind Spots

In my business, we’d rather not be right. What gets a climate change expert out of bed in the morning is the desire to provide decision-makers with the best available science, and at the end of the day we go to bed hoping things won’t actually get as bad as our science tells us. That’s true whether you’re a physical or a social scientist.

Well, I’m one of the latter and Meeting of the Minds thought it would be valuable to republish an article I penned in January 2020. In that ancient past, only the most studious of news observers had heard of a virus in Wuhan, China, that was causing a lethal disease. Two months later we were in lockdown, all over the world, and while things have improved a lot in the US since November 2020, in many cities and nations around the world this is not the case. India is living through a COVID nightmare of untold proportions as we speak, and many nations have gone through wave after wave of this pandemic. The end is not in sight. It is not over. Not by a longshot.

And while the pandemic is raging, sea level continues to rise, heatwaves are killing people in one hemisphere or the other, droughts have devastated farmers, floods sent people fleeing to disaster shelters that are not the save havens we once thought them to be, wildfires consumed forests and all too many homes, and emissions dipped temporarily only to shoot up again as we try to go “back to normal.”

So, I’ll say another one of those things I wish I’ll be wrong about, but probably won’t: there is no “back to normal.” Not with climate change in an interdependent world.

Bleutech Park: Vegas’ New Eco Entertainment Park

Bleutech Park: Vegas’ New Eco Entertainment Park

I caught up with Steph Stoppenhagen from Black & Veatch the other day about their work on critical infrastructure in Las Vegas. In particular, we talked about the new Bleutech Park project which touts itself as an eco-entertainment park. They are deploying new technologies and materials to integrate water, energy, mobility, housing, and climate-smart solutions as they anticipate full-time residents and park visitors. Hear more from Steph about this new $7.5B high-tech biome in the desert.

Urban Simulation Tech Models Effects of Shared Mobility in Reducing Congestion

Urban Simulation Tech Models Effects of Shared Mobility in Reducing Congestion

Planning for new, shared modes of transit that will rival private vehicles in access and convenience requires a paradigm shift in the planning process. Rather than using traditional methods, we need to capture individual behavior while interacting with the systems in questions. An increasing number of studies show that combining agent-based simulation with activity-based travel demand modeling is a good approach. This approach creates a digital twin of the population of the city, with similar characteristics as their real-world counterparts. These synthetic individuals have activities to perform through the course of the day, and need to make mobility decisions to travel between activity locations. The entire transportation infrastructure of the city is replicated on a virtual platform that simulates real life scenarios. If individual behavior and the governing laws of the digital reality are accurately reproduced, large-scale mobility demand emerges from the bottom-up, reflecting the real-world incidences.

The Future of Cities

Mayors, planners, futurists, technologists, executives and advocates — hundreds of urban thought leaders publish on Meeting of the Minds. Sign up below to follow the future of cities.

You have Successfully Subscribed!

Wait! Before You Leave —

Wait! Before You Leave —

Subscribe to receive updates on the Executive Cohort Program!

You have Successfully Subscribed!

Share This