Meeting of the Minds took a few moments to talk with Herrie Schalekamp about new working relationships between researchers and paratransit operators in South Africa and beyond. Herrie is the ACET Research Officer at the University of Cape Town’s Centre for Transport Studies. In addition to his research, teaching and consulting in the fields of paratransit and public transport reform he is involved in specialised educational programmes for paratransit operators and government officials. Herrie’s activities form part of a broader endeavour to investigate and contribute to improved public transport operations and regulation in Sub-Saharan African cities under ACET – the African Centre of Excellence for Studies in Public and Non-motorised Transport.
Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Training Millennials For Government Jobs, But Were Afraid To Ask
I’m 28, which means I’m dead center of the largest living generation in American history. I’m a millennial. Some of you reading this will be the parents of millennials, manage millennials or be millennials yourself. Last year, those of us born between 1980 and 2000 surpassed Generation X to become the largest share of the American workforce.
As our generation ages and continues to enter the workforce in greater numbers, we will be bringing our life experiences and quirks with us. Hiring managers, department heads and middle managers have to deal with us for the foreseeable future. We prefer technology-driven collaboration. We value and trust information coming from our contemporaries. We want to control our own projects and learning opportunities so that we can grow. We have an innate drive to do social good.
Simultaneously, the Silver Tsunami is starting to hit the shores of government sector employment. State, county and municipal governments of all sizes are experiencing a surge in the number of employees opting for retirement as the median age of the workforce rises. Every day, human resource professionals both in and out of government are looking for employees to fill thousands of full-time vacancies. I live in California, where 40% of state employees are currently eligible to retire, and only about 10% of the workforce is under age 30 even though that age group makes up about 25% of the overall state workforce.
How can cities bridge the workforce skills gap, ensuring the next generation of entry-level employees are competently trained to meet the growing demands of local government, while simultaneously catering to a unique generation poised to enter the labor force in greater numbers every year?
The answer is by giving young people ages 16 – 24:
- Paid, high-quality, real-world work-based learning in cities, agencies, or departments;
- Access to a platform that can provide them accreditation for learning inside of government, display their work, showcase their achievements, and unlock real opportunity; and
- Challenging projects that have real impact on the agency, department or division they work in.
If you build it (a better internship), millennials will come
I manage FutureReady, a nonprofit in West Sacramento, CA, dedicated to improving the lives of young people through civic engagement, college, and career readiness, and providing best-in-class, work-based learning opportunities.
Work-based learning is a new name for an old concept. Job shadowing, worksite tours, industry-specific guest speakers, and informational interviews? That’s work-based learning. It’s the set of activities, inside and outside the classroom, that provides opportunities for young people to connect what they are learning in the classroom to the paid work they do outside of it.
The holy grail of work-based learning is internships — and not the old-school one that you had back in the day because of your uncle’s girlfriend’s boss at Intel needed someone to file punch cards over the summer. I’m talking about internships that allow young people to learn about the educational and training requirements for occupations within and across industries, while using the workplace for both learning and applying college- and career-readiness skills and knowledge.
With this in mind, the City of West Sacramento launched its summer internship program in 2015 called Strides Towards Entering Public Service, or STEPS, to provide a hiring on-ramp for young people in the city and address the wave of pending retirements by training the best-and-brightest local youth for entry-level careers in government. The City opened paid internship positions for 16 – 24-year-olds in every single department and division — and received more than 500 applications.
Individual divisions and whole departments were so surprised by the work ethic, professional demeanor, and output of their interns that they supported the continuation of the program in 2016. The City took feedback from both the interns and the participating departments and divisions. Interns from 2015 wanted to showcase their work, and managers wanted to better understand how to determine young workers’ capabilities.
So FutureReady partnered with the City of West Sacramento to gamify STEPS learning and make it social.
In early 2016, FutureReady, along with the City of West Sacramento, submitted a joint application to LRNG, a national initiative that is transforming how young people access and experience learning and the paths they can take to future success. LRNG uses digital badges as evidence of learning, which are earned through the completion of learning experiences, or XPs, and woven together into a cohesive narrative called a playlist.
Learners on the platform earn digital badges by showing and proving their learning with work products that demonstrate mastery of the concepts being taught. If their work product does not meet the criteria for the badge, the assessors can review assignments, provide feedback, and ask the learner to resubmit their work product. West Sacramento was selected to be a pilot city, and along with eleven other cities nationwide, LRNG West Sacramento is re-shaping the way young people learn and explore their cities.
This summer, the City of West Sacramento amplified and expanded the STEPS program from the previous year. This time, all of the projects and work activities for each department and division were articulated on the LRNG West Sacramento platform. Each of the interns were told if they completed two playlists — one playlist for their department or division and the other playlist for the STEPS program as a whole — they would earn preferential hiring treatment for the Next STEPS fall and spring internship program.
Through the LRNG platform, STEPS interns were motivated not only by the real-world impacts of their projects, but also by working toward personal achievement. Digital badges represented a shareable achievement that unlocked real opportunity: preferential treatment for another job and the possibility of long-term employment. This concept of gamification is nothing new, and it’s widely used in multinational corporations such as Nike, as well as online learning hubs like Khan Academy and Codeacademy.
Just as Pokémon Go — the best-selling mobile game in the United States — taught us that the thrill of digital achievements and competition like capturing Pokémon can make formerly sedentary gamers walk for miles, LRNG West Sacramento was motivating already exemplary young people to aspire to even more. STEPS interns completed their work tasks quicker and more completely and took greater pride in their work, knowing that at the end they would be able to showcase their work products to their peers and future employers.
“What the badges mean to me is more of a concrete evidence that I can bring with me to my next job and they can actually see and not just me saying that I did this, but they can actually see that I did something.” — Legend Brandenburg, 17, Community Development Department STEPS intern
All 19 STEPS interns completed their assigned playlists in every department and division inside City Hall. Two interns even completed their playlists so thoroughly that two advanced playlists needed to be designed for them. Thirteen of the Summer STEPS interns completed the STEPS Playlist, earning them preferential hiring for the “Next STEPS”, the fall and spring internship program at the city of West Sacramento.
Putting it all into practice
Millennials are often stereotyped as lazy, entitled, and coddled. Too often biases guide hiring practices and lead to uninformed choices, or worse yet, discrimination. There has been a cultural shift at City Hall this year. Our workforce is getting younger.
All departments and divisions, not just human resources, understand the value of interns. Where we would have hired an older, more seasoned professional, City Hall now considers if a paid internship will work instead. Since bringing on the current group of Next STEPS interns, we have hired two additional interns — not as part of the STEPS program, but because of it. The City has a new graphics design intern who creates branding for all City departments and a new community relations intern working on social media analytics.
I’ll leave you with Danny, a 19-year-old who after his experience at City Hall in the Economic Development and Housing Department decided to run in the November election for an open seat on the school board. In his own words, “Going into this internship, I didn’t know that I was actually going to file for school board, but during these strides towards entering public service I got to see more about how the City works, and I got inspired about what can I do to help my community and better it.”
Challenge yourself to look at training and hiring millennials for government differently. See them not as pretentious kids who act like they know more than you, but as aspiring change makers in need of mentors. Don’t see them as liabilities that depend on social media and technology to express themselves, but as tech-savvy creatives who are eager to collaborate. We have so much in common with every generation that precedes us.
Let’s build a better government. For citizens of all ages, by citizens of all ages.
Leave your comment below, or reply to others.
Read more from the CityMinded.org Blog
Spotlighting innovations in urban sustainability and connected technology
Brownfields are sites that are vacant or underutilized due to environmental contamination, real or imagined. There are brownfields of some kind in virtually every city and town in the U.S., usually related to a gas station, dry cleaner, auto repair shop, car dealership or some other ubiquitous local business that once benefited the community it now burdens with environmental hazards or old buildings.
In addressing this issue, technology has not been effectively deployed to promote redevelopment of these sites and catalyze community revitalization. We find that the question around the use of technology and data in advancing the redevelopment of brownfields is twofold:
How can current and future technology advancements be applied to upgrade existing brownfield modeling tools? And then, how can those modeling tools be used to accelerate transformative, sustainable, and smart redevelopment and community revitalization?
Across the country, urban parks are enjoying a renaissance. Dozens of new parks are being built or restored and cities are being creative about how and where they are located. Space under highways, on old rail infrastructure, reclaimed industrial waterfronts or even landfills are all in play as development pressure on urban land grows along with outdoor recreation needs.
These innovative parks are helping cities face common challenges, from demographic shifts, to global competitiveness to changing climate conditions. Mayors and other city officials are taking a fresh look at parks to improve overall community health and sense of place, strengthen local economies by attracting new investments and creating jobs, help manage storm water run-off, improve air quality, and much more. When we think of city parks holistically, accounting for their full role in communities, they become some of the smartest investments we can make.